Generic wines (with the possibility of indicating vintage and/or grape)
These are wines with no origin indication that can be produced with grapes from different areas and/or from different Member States. Their label they can show a reference to the vintage and/or the variety of grapes used. The indication on the label of the vine is limited to only a few varieties: Cabernet, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Sauvignon, Syrah.
I.G.P. (P.G.I.) Protected Geographical Indication
It indicates the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional cases, a country that is used to describe a wine variety (that comes from that region, specific place or country) which possesses a specific quality, reputation, or other characteristics that are attributable to that geographical origin. At least 85% of the grapes that are used to make these wines come from this geographical area.
For wines with P.G.I., the demarcation of the wine-making grapes has been introduced. This means that it will no longer be possible to produce a wine with P.G.I. from grapes that are harvested in a region, but vinified in another (except for the 15% of the grapes that can come from outside the area). In addition to that, P.G.I. wines will be subjected to more stringent control procedures.
D.O.P. (P.D.O.) Protected Designation of Origin
Indicates the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional cases, a country that is used to describe a wine variety (that comes from that region, specific place or country) whose quality or characteristics are essentially or exclusively due to the geographical environment including its natural and human factors. The grapes that are used to make a D.O.P wine are 100% produced, processed and prepared in the stated geographical area.
In derogation to the provisions of E.C. Regulations, Member States may continue to use their traditional names that refer to Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications. You may continue to use (at least in Italy) acronyms such as: